Portonaccio Sarcophagus

Portonaccio Sarcophagus in the Palazzo Massimo National Roman Museum in Rom

Portonaccio Sarcophagus from around AD 180.

It depicts a symbolic battle between Roman horsemen and barbarians on two levels. The face of the general at the center is unfinished hinting at the sarcophagus being produced on speculation. On the frieze, the wife is depicted as exercising her domestic virtues including educating the children while the husband receives the submission of his enemies.

The Palazzo Massimo has one of the finest collections of busts and sculptures from antiquity in Rome. As the main venue of the Roman National Museum, the best archaeological finds in Rome since 1870 are on display here.